The COVID-19 vaccine cold chain, which is the supply chain for cold storage and movement of vaccines, has been recently targeted by threat actors. According to IBM’s X-Force, hackers are targeting specific, high-level executives at multiple companies around the world that all play a role in the cold storage and transportation of the vaccine. None of the attacks were able to be linked to a specific threat actor, but analysts stated that the attacks have all the signs of a nation-state attack. The attack targeted companies and Government entities including the European Commission’s Directorate-General for Taxation and Customs Union, which monitors the movement of supplies across borders. A company that manufactures solar panels, which are used for cold storage transportation, and a German IT company that makes websites for pharmaceutical manufactures. The targeted high-level executives of the companies were sent a phishing email that is typically spoofed from the identity of a business executive. The executive is from Haier Biomedical, a Chinese company that is part of the United Nation’s official Cold Chain Equipment Optimization Platform (CCEOP). The emails contain malicious HTML files as attachments and prompt users to enter their credentials, which the threat actor collects.
By Anthony Zampino Introduction Leading up to the most recent Russian invasion of Ukraine in